Pollenaze discontinued

As we have had to downsize our operations in the last few years we’ve found it increasingly difficult to make Pollenaze to the degree of quality we expect in our products. Pollenaze needs to be creamed which is a tricky process and something of an artform in itself, hard enough in a big factory let alone a wee family business. So with that in mind we have decided we will no longer make the Pollenaze. We are very sorry to disappoint those customers still buying it as we certainly thought long and hard before making this decision, however! All the same ingredients (with a few extra) are in our New Dawn health tonic which is still very much available. It’s a bit too runny to put on your toast but it’s lovely in porridge, a cup of hot water, tea, or even in a glass of cold soda water on a hot day.. or just by the spoonful!

It also tastes lovely, so if you’re missing your Pollenaze then we definitely recommend giving the New Dawn a try instead.

 

 

Apis Mellifera product range

The Apiary Goes Loco !

First off, Happy New Year everyone! We hope you had a wonderful time over the festive period and are looking forward to a productive and healthy 2015, we certainly are. As to that, we are really pleased to announce that for the first time since our relaunch, we are now stocking some of our product in a real life physical store.

Last year the business moved up to Featherston in South Wairarapa, and in that time we have gotten to know the locals really well.  One of whom is Emma Jackson,  proprietor of the Loco Cafe in the town.  It’s a fantastic little space that features a lot of Emma’s and her beau Chris’s arts and crafts, as well as other beautiful things all made locally. We already bought a piece for some relatives back in Ireland for Christmas, and it won’t be the last thing we buy. Aside from the art and the great coffee, Loco also stocks some health and beauty products, so our Apis Mellifera skin care and health food ranges feel right at home, as you can see from the photo Emma took above (thanks for the cute addition of the bee to keep watch over our products!) So if you live in Featherston or are passing through, keep an eye out for the pink panther lounging outside the cafe, and why not drop in for a coffee, a sit down and maybe an Apiary product or two.

The New England Bee Hotel For Pollinators

A newly constructed “bee hotel” at the University of New Hampshire’s Woodman Farm isn’t much to look at — with its cinder block floors and pine cone-littered suites — but for the region’s pollinators, it’s as appealing as any five-star resort.

The bee hotel is at the center of the first-ever comprehensive study of New England’s bee population. The study, led by researchers at the University of New Hampshire’s New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station (NHAES), aims to assess the condition of the region’s estimated 250 species of bees.

“The study will establish the first complete diversity assessment of native bees in the region and also provide a better understanding of pollinator diversity and ecology,” Sandra Rehan, lead NHAES researcher and assistant professor of biological sciences at the University of New Hampshire’s College of Life Sciences and Agriculture (COLSA), said in a statement.

The study, called “Sustainable Solutions to Problems Affecting Bee Health,” was launched to coincide with National Pollinator Week (June 16-22), an annual event sanctioned by the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture that highlights the urgent issue of declining pollinator populations in the United States.

“Basic data on species diversity and habitat preferences will be fundamental to future studies to ameliorate declining bee populations and to target species at risk,” Rehan said.

In addition to helping protect native bees in New England, Rehan said the project is designed to raise awareness about how humans are affecting pollinator populations in the region, as well as across other areas of the country.

Bees, which play a critical role in the health of food crops and natural ecosystems, have experienced rapid declines in population and diversity over the past several years, research from NHAES shows.

And humans deserve at least part of the blame for this decline. Loss of habitat and agricultural environments, as well as the widespread use of pesticides and chemicals in farming, are believed to be contributing to the current bee crisis throughout the United States.

 

The value of pollination to agriculture is estimated at more than $200 billion each year worldwide, said Rehan, who oversees the University of New Hampshire’s Bee Lab.  This makes the university’s research into the subject even more pressing, and has led to the launch of a longer-term project to monitor the biodiversity of bees in New Hampshire. The bee hotel at Woodman Farm represents one part of this project, with other monitoring sites at NHAES facilities also contributing much-needed data.

“By documenting what species are abundant, common and rare to the area, we can track species habitat and floral preferences,” Rehan said.  “By further developing long-term monitoring, we can identify species at risk and changes in bee communities.”

The researchers plan to use genomic screening on the winged guests of the bee hotel to identify which species suffer low genetic variability. This trait, the researchers explained, may indicate certain genetic issues that can lead to the decline or even extinction of a species.

John Wraith, NHAES director and dean of the College of Life Sciences and Agriculture, expressed enthusiasm for the bee hotel project and its related studies, noting the impact that pollinators have in New Hampshire and its neighboring regions.

“These are critically important, time-sensitive issues that face our state and regional producers, gardeners, residents and visitors,” Wraith said in a statement.

“We’re excited to support this work within our engaged research portfolio.”

 

Rehan is equally excited about the studies, and hopes that continued research and education can help reverse the trend in declining bee populations in New England and other regions.

“By educating New Hampshire citizens, farmers and policymakers about native bees and habitat preferences, we can encourage the regional and national authorities to create and maintain native bee habitats,” Rehan said.

Dermatitis Linked to Disposable Baby Wipes

<span style="font-family: georgia, New Balance 996 męskie palatino;”>The Medical Journal of Australia is reporting increasing numbers of parents and carers are presenting with skin problems linked to using disposable baby wipes.

<span style="font-family: georgia, Asics Pas Cher palatino;”>In a research letter published in the Medical Journal of Australia on Monday, dermatologist Rosemary Nixon from the Skin and Cancer Foundation reports that an ingredient used to prevent bacterial infection in moist wipes is now the most common cause of dermatitis in patients sampled.

<span style="font-family: georgia, new balance 1980 zante roma palatino;”>The preservative,

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  • methylisothiazolinone or MI, accounted for 11.3 per cent of skin reactions in 353 patients seen at two clinics last year, up on 8.4 per cent in 2012 and 3.5 per cent in 2011.

    ”We’re seeing an increasing number of allergic reactions,” she said. Nike Air Max 2017 Heren grijs ”It could be because the concentration might be too high because it’s been on the skin too long, Cleveland Cavaliers or because the skin is damaged, allowing the chemical to get through the epidermal barrier.”

    Patch testing for the ingredient had begun in 2011, Mochilas Kanken Mini after similar reports surfaced in Europe. The trend was also occurring in America where, asics gel kinsei 4 mujer as in Australia, the preservative had been used in water-based products, baskets ASICS including cosmetics and personal products such as deodorants, shampoos, conditioners, sunscreens and moisturisers since the early 2000s.

    Professor Nixon said consumers should look at the ingredients in baby wipes, monitor any rash and try cutting out using the product to see if the dermatitis went away.

    ~ Mr B

    <span style="font-family: georgia,

    New Beginnings

    It’s not every day you have to make a decision that will change the course of a family business that has been doing things much the same way for about 60 years. Jameis Winston – Florida State Seminoles So it was with a great deal of emotion, and a lot of careful consideration, that we decided to move. So we have relocated from our South Canterbury address and moved the entire operation north to Featherston in the South Wairarapa. Jake Arrieta Jersey Completely aside from leaving behind so much history, there was also the sheer magnitude of the task of moving a small factory, office, personal possessions and two cats to another island seven hours drive and three hours sailing distance away! But we made it, after two months of toing and froing, sixteen hour days of cleaning, packing, moving, unpacking, selling, buying and stockpiling we finally moved the last of The Apiary ‘up north’ where we can now start afresh and work on creating the kind of business we have always dreamed of. New neighbours or existing customers alike have asked us, “why Featherston!?” Well, there are several reasons for that. nike air max pas cher Firstly clover honey has always been our specialty and clover just doesn’t grow down south like it used to, farming practices have changed and it is not used as much but up here we have found there is much more available. Nike Air Max Thea Dames The Wairarapa is also very similar to Canterbury in geography, so we feel much less homesick here with a slightly smaller version of the mountains, valleys, plains and rivers that we’re used to. new balance grigie bambino Featherston itself is synonymous with the word ‘potential’, there is a groundswell of support for business and development here and I have never met so many people so excited and so welcoming before in my life.

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  • We have been assured by everyone we meet that should we need anything we just have to ask, which is a refreshing change when it can so often be a struggle for small business to get a look in sometimes. New Balance 446 mujer Our plans for the immediate future are to establish local suppliers and get to work on new products once our temporary facilities are up and running and find a cheaper deal for shipping for our customers now we are in central NZ and closer to a town center, so keep your eyes peeled for updates! Eventually we hope to set up a completely self sufficient and zero carbon factory with enough space for research and development of new products. air max pas cher pour femme In the meantime you can look forward to the same awesome products with hopefully a few added benefits from our centralised location. ~ Mrs B PS. I feel I must also add a sidenote apologising to anyone who has been trying to get through to us on our 0800 number. air max 90 pas cher We discovered there were some communication problems recently, and unfortunately our switchover between South Canterbury and South Wairarapa wasn’t quite as seamless as he had hoped, resulting in some customers unable to reach us for a few days. nike air max 1 hombre I can assure you it’s all up and running now, so we can still be reached at 0800 80 82 83 if you need to get in touch by phone.

    Hive Treatment Methods Help Buck the Trend in Honeybee Numbers

    It seems the only time honeybees make the news nowadays is when yet another region declares a crisis in their numbers, Texas A&M Aggies with varroa mite or colony collapse disorder (CCD) chief among the culprits for the decline. 2017 nike air max pas cher Well thankfully Hawke’s Bay is bucking the trend and has come good news on the honeybee population front. The motto for the eastern North Island region is “Safeguarding Your Environment”, Adrian Peterson – Oklahoma Sooners and that’s just what the good people of Hawke’s Bay are doing for the honey bee too.

    Since varroa mite has hit managed hives in the area, hive treatment have subsequently allowed them to withstand the disease, Mochilas Kanken Big and numbers have actually grown, Nike Free Run Homme with hive numbers rising 7% to 450,000 since last year. Honey crops are also on the up, asics gel lyte 5 mujer negras with the 2011-12 season reaching approximately 10,300 tonnes, a further 10% increase on the year before.

    Beekeepers are required to send information to Assure Quality, the food safety and biosecurity organisation, asics gel nimbus uomo while aerial inspections of hives are encouraging beekeepers to keep more accurate records, so more beekeepers have registered and are filing paperwork for the hive sites.

    As Federated Farmers North Canterbury chairman Barry Hantz says, wild bee numbers had been virtually wiped out by varroa and that meant more nectar for commercial hives:

    The rise of dairying has reduced pollen sources in Canterbury and beekeepers were providing supplementary feeding of “protein paddies” for the bees to feed their eggs, until the clover flowering came through. However,

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  • natural protein through pollen is believed by scientists overseas to be the best deterrent for safeguarding bees against diseases such as colony collapse disorder,

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  • a problem in the United States.

    With such good processes in place to ensure the sustainability of commercial beekeeping, and research like that being done by Otago University into breeding varroa-resistant bees, let’s hope the trend of healthier numbers continues across the country.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, new balance 997 on sale palatino;”>~ Mr B

    <span style="font-size: x-small; font-family: georgia,

    Pollinator-Friendly Plants Put To The Test For Science

    You hear a lot in the news about the decline of bees, and it’s the kind of issue that is easy to assume we can do nothing about. Asics Gel Quantum 360 Dames But one simple way people can help is via their gardens, by growing ornamental plants that are also attractive to flower-visiting insects. fjallraven kanken pas cher Although individual gardens are relatively small, collectively they comprise a substantial area. If public parks can get in on the act then the collective positive effects could be potentially staggering.

    Which plant varieties are attractive to flower-visiting insects? Given the great public interest, many lists of recommended plants have recently been produced. For example, in 2011, the UK’s Royal Horticultural Society produced a Perfect for Pollinators list. But where did this information come from? On closer inspection, it appears that these lists are based largely on personal experiences, opinions and anecdotes.

    Now a study by the University of Sussex researchers has attempted to put these recommendations on a firmer scientific footing. Air Jordan 2 Retro Scientists planted an experimental garden of summer-flowering garden plants on the university campus. Asics Gel lyte 3 Heren Thirty-two varieties were compared, each in two patches of 1×1m, in 2011 and 2012. fjällräven kånken Laptop 13 All varieties were easy to purchase and considered attractive to humans. Throughout both summers they made repeated counts of the numbers of insects on each patch. As they were counted the insects were also identified into nine categories (honey bee, 4 sub-categories of bumblebees, other bees, hoverflies, butterflies & moths, other insects).

    The most simple and striking result was that garden plants vary enormously, approximately 100-fold, in their attractiveness to insect flower-visitors. The most numerous insects by far were bees which comprised over 84% of all insects seen. Bumblebees 47-62% and honey bees 26-32% were the most numerous, with all other bees only 3-5%. nike free 5.0 hombre Their results did lead them to make some horticultural recommendations – Among honey bees, it seems borago (borage) came out on top, with origanum and a variety of different species of lavender also performing well, while overall the least attractive flowering plant for insects was the geranium. Colt McCoy – Texas Longhorns Marjoram, the researchers say, was probably the best “all-rounder”, attracting honey bees, bumble bees, other bees, hover flies, and butterflies. The team put a number of varieties of lavender to the test and found that highly bred hybrids, including some with novel colours – such as white or pink – that have been carefully bred into the plants proved the most attractive to insects.

     

     

    Dr Nigel Raine, from the Royal Holloway University of London, commented that with bee populations declining across the world, “we can all give bees a helping hand by planting the right flowers to give them the nectar and pollen they need. This study highlights that it’s important for bee-friendly gardeners to choose what you plant with care. Washington Wizards Gardeners and town planners should think carefully about the mixture of flowers they plant to ensure food is available for a wide range of bees and other important insect pollinators. asics gel stratus mujer It’s also important to cater for the needs of the rarer species and provide food at times when there might be fewer wild flowers in bloom.”

    Flowers attractive to bees and other insects are by and large also attractive to humans, and are no harder to grow or more expensive than any others. nike air max femme pas cher Therefore, choosing insect-attractive varieties over less attractive varieties is a zero cost option, and is a practical and simple way of helping bees and other flower-visiting insects in your own garden.

    Diesel Fumes Interfere with Honey Bees’ Sense of Smell

    Honeybees utilise floral odours when foraging for flowers, and scientists from Britain’s University of Southampton have investigated whether diesel exhaust pollution could interrupt these floral odour stimuli. A synthetic blend of eight floral chemicals, identified from oilseed rape, was exposed to diesel exhaust pollution. Within one minute of exposure the abundances of four of the chemicals were significantly lowered, with two components rendered undetectable.

    Honeybees were trained to recognise the full synthetic odour mix; altering the blend, by removing the two chemicals rendered undetectable, significantly reduced the ability of the trained honeybees to recognize the altered odour. Furthermore, they found that at environmentally relevant levels the mono-nitrogen oxide fraction of the exhaust gases was a key facilitator of this odour degradation. Such changes in recognition may impact upon a honeybee’s foraging efficiency and therefore the pollination services that they provide.

    The percentage of forager honeybees which, after learning the full synthetic floral blend, extended their proboscis (indicating recognition) when presented with the synthetic blend minus either α-farnesene (-αf), α-terpinene (-αt) or both chemicals (-both). Nike Seattle Seahawks jerseys

    “This could have serious detrimental effects on the number of honeybee colonies and pollination activity,” Tracey Newman, a neuroscientist who worked on the study, said. Guy Poppy, an ecology professor who worked with Newman, said that to be able to forage effectively, honeybees need to be able to learn and recognise plants – a process their results showed could be disrupted by the so-called NOx gases, particularly nitrogen dioxide, found in diesel exhaust and other pollution.

    Chemical odours are central to communication in insects and their interaction with the environment. A prime example of this is the floral odours that are produced by flowering plants to manipulate the behaviour of insects and facilitate pollination.

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  • Globally the economic value of pollination has been estimated at [euro]153 billion a year, with 70% of the world’s principal food crops relying upon pollination, equating to 35% of global food production. Clemson Tigers Pollinator populations are declining on a global scale and anthropogenic anthropogenic substances, such as synthetic insecticides, are implicated as key contributors to the reductions of both wild and managed pollinators.

    Air pollution is one of the most ubiquitous environmental human impacts, however its effects on honeybees are unknown. Honeybees have a sensitive sense of smell and an exceptional ability to learn and memorize new odours, enabling them to use floral odours to help locate, identify and recognise the flowers from which they forage. There is a huge diversity of floral odours, therefore any disruption to these blends could impact upon the ability of plants to communicate with their pollinators, which may have a negative impact on both parties.

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  • Theoretical models predict that anthropogenic emissions (including ozone, hydroxyl radicals and nitrate radicals) are likely to reduce the detection distances of plant emitted odours available to pollinators, and empirical data has demonstrated that such compounds can interrupt plant-to-plant odour communication.

    Despite advances in filtration technology and tighter regulations on airborne emissions, diesel exhaust remains a major environmental pollutant. nike pas cher Many countries have guidelines in place to limit the emission of toxic gases produced as a result of the combustion of diesel and other fossil fuel. Air Jordan For Sale Of these gases the NOx fraction is the most reactive and is known to have deleterious effects on both human health and plant growth.

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  • However the emissions limits for one of the NOxgases, nitrogen dioxide, are regularly exceeded especially in urban areas. Whilst there is an overall downward trend in nitrogen dioxide emission in Europe, it continues to be a significant environmental pollutant, particularly in countries undergoing rapid economic growth, such as China.

    Honeybees are known to use the whole range of chemicals found in a floral blend to discriminate between different blends, and this research indicates that some chemicals in a blend may be more important than others in this discrimination process. Nike Air Max 2016 Heren blauw Whilst these results are the outcome of an artificial manipulation of the odour blend, the fact that removal of such a minor constituent can have such a profound effect on the ability of honeybees to recognize a floral odour may have significant ramifications for the ability of honeybees to efficiently forage for floral resources and therefore provide pollination services.

    In nature honeybees use a combination of visual stimuli and floral odours to locate a flower for the first time. Honeybees associatively learn that a floral odour is concomitant with foraging success by gaining a reward of nectar whilst on the flower in the presence of high levels of floral odours. new balance shop firenze Learning a floral odour remotely from the flower is less likely, because it would require a honeybee to remember an odour that occurs at a time distinct from the reward. Degradation of an odour source by pollution is likely to be more pronounced at distance from the flower, where concentrations of the odours are lower. Foraging honeybees may then be incapable of recognizing that the floral odours it detects remote from flowers are those that it associates with reward. This could result in a greater dependence upon other senses critical for foraging behaviour, such as vision, to compensate for the reduction in olfactory stimuli.

    Disruption of odour communication by components of exhaust pollution could be detrimental to many insect species. Baylor Bears In the case of pollinator species, including the honeybee, these effects would have major economic and ecological impacts, particularly when in conjunction with other stressors detrimental to pollinator health.

    Giles Budge of Britain’s Food and Environment Research Agency said Newton’s study highlighted a fresh issue to add to the many problems facing insect pollinators. But he said that since the study was based in the laboratory, more research is needed to see if the problem is occurring in the wider environment.\

    via Nature.

    World’s 20,000th Species of Bee Identified

    When people think of bees, they usually think of the humble Bumble or Honey Bee, but in fact there are only around 250 species of the former, and an even smaller 10 species of the latter. Nike Air Max Thea Dames The vast majority of the other approximately 19,700 species of bees come in all shapes, sizes and colours, some of which we’ve mentioned before.

    Now an article published in Auckland by an Ontario-based researcher has identified 21 more, pushing the world’s total known bee species past the 20,000 mark. All the newly identified species belong to the genus Mexalictus, which are mostly found in high elevations between Arizona and Panama, asics gel nimbus mujer with some being discovered in Guatemala, Honduras, New Balance 1600 damskie and Nicaragua.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, nike air max 1 uomo palatino;”>Unlike your common or garden Honey or Bumble Bee, Nike Air Huarache Dames these new species are very rare, some only known to science due to the discovery of one specimen. New Balance 515 hombre Like most other bees found in the world, these new species are likely solitary and nest in the ground or in twig hollows, Nike Air Max 2017 Dames roze however no nests have yet been found. As the researcher Sheila Dumesh says, “Because their habitats are often imperilled from deforestation and climate change, finding them before they become extinct is a race against time.”

    <span style="font-family: georgia, chaussures asics homme pas cher palatino;”>Despite not being as well known to the general population as their honey-making cousins, many thousands of other bee species also pollinate plants and crops. York bee lab leader Professor Laurence Packer explains, “Documenting what these wild bee species are and what they do, as well as understanding their role in agriculture and our planet’s overall ecology is all extremely important.”

     

    ~ Mr B

    via York University.

    A Live Stream Of Honey Bees Rebuilding Their Hive Is More Hypnotic Than You’d Think

    Most people wouldn’t want to go near a beehive for fear of being stung.

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  • Now they don’t have to thanks to the efforts of Explore.org.

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  • The organisation which live streams the daily activities and behaviours of everything from beluga whales to puffins to even weedy sea dragons has turned its attention to the humble honey bee. Canotta Squadra USA

    Setting up two cameras, the team is capturing images from both the entrance to a hive that has been established inside a large hollow log, and the other actually streaming from inside the hive. lunette de soleil ray ban

    The best time to see them coming and going from the hive is between the hours of 6am to 9pm Central European Time (about 4pm to 7am New Zealand Standard Time), but even if it’s dark out, it is still fascinating to see them working away inside the hive at all hours. Nike Scarpe Italia

    You may notice that they seem to be working harder than usual ( well spotted!) That’s because the hive recently suffered a collapse. nike pas cher Not the kind of collapse normally associate with Colony Collapse Disorder; the bees didn’t disappear, but rather, the comb toppled over.

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  • The honey bees are now working their abdomens off to get the hive re-established and, as of writing this, they look to be doing a great job.

    From what we’ve seen so far, the camera positioned at the entrance to the hive doesn’t move at all, but nonetheless effectively captures the ceaseless hustle and bustle of the bees’ daily trips, taking off and landing as they collect pollen for the colony. New Balance Pas Cher But it’s the cameras inside the hive that is the most intriguing. I’ve had the stream open all day on my computer and have caught myself being hypnotised watching them go about their business inside, building new combs, protecting the queen, raising new generations of workers and drones, crawling around doing general maintenance, and of course producing honey.

    The hive is situated in the small town of Wall, Bavaria, Germany but now anyone from around the world can get a glimpse of live in the hive.

    Two Remote Scottish Isles To Become UK’s First Reserve For Honey Bees

    There are around 250 native species of bee in Britain but just a single honey bee – the Apis mellifera. The isles of Colonsay and Oronsay are currently home to around 50 colonies and have now been named in a new Scottish Government order to protect the species from cross-breeding and disease.

    The Bee Keeping (Colonsay and Oronsay) Order 2013 comes into force on 1 January and will make it an offence to keep any honeybees on the islands except Apis mellifera, whose hardiness allows them to survive the harsh climate of Scotland’s west coast.

    Beekeeper Andrew Abrahams has campaigned for the islands to be recognised as a sanctuary for the species.

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  • He began keeping bees on Colonsay 35 years ago, but the island has an even longer tradition as a haven for the black bee. Air Max 2017 Dames Its isolation and lack of an existing honeybee population saw it chosen as the site for an experimental breeding station for the native bee in 1941.

    Welcoming the new legislation, Abrahams said: “It’s the government’s acknowledgement that native bees should be conserved because they are much more suitable to our difficult environment, and the increasingly difficult environment global warming will bring us.”

    Most of Britain’s native honeybee species were wiped out in the early 20th century by the “Isle of Wight disease”, caused by a parasitic mite which spread throughout the country.

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  • A few isolated populations survived and formed the basis of apiaries set up by Abrahams in 1978.

    The biggest threat to bees kept in apiaries today is the deadly Varroa mite, which was first discovered in the UK in 1992 and has led to the virtual elimination of feral bee colonies in many areas. Adidas Scarpe Uomo Colonsay was chosen as a reserve because its bees are free from the disease and are genetically pure.

    The Scottish Government granted the order after a public consultation received overwhelming support.

    Nigel Southworth, New Balance 574 Pas Cher editor of the Scottish Beekeeper magazine, said: “This is great news for beekeeping, Asics Gel Lyte 5 męskie not only in Scotland, but the whole of the UK and beyond.

    “Congratulations to Andrew for achieving this and full credit to the Scottish Government for going ahead with the reserve.

    “At a time when honeybees are facing perhaps the greatest threat to their survival, this very positive move could be seen in future years to be one of the landmark decisions that helped not only to save this kind of bee, but triggered new initiatives to help both the honeybees and mankind.”

    Eric McArthur, vice president of Glasgow and District Beekeepers’ Association, said: “The need for this reserve has been a long time in coming.”

    McArthur added that the Colonsay and Oronsay reserve ranks in importance with Australia’s Kangaroo Island, which was designated as a reserve for the native bee of Italy, Apis mellifera ligustica, which was imported there in the 1880s. It is now believed to hold the last remaining pure stock of the species anywhere in the world.

    McArthur said: “The honey bees on Colonsay and Oronsay have the same significance for future Apis mellifera mellifera genetic purity as Kangaroo Island has for Apis mellifera lig­ustica.

    “These islands will become a Mecca not only for worldwide beekeepers interested in seeing the pure race Apis mellifera mellifera for themselves but also for scientists investigating the limits of genetic diversity in any closed and isolated population.

    “The importance of the Col­onsay and Oronsay honeybee reserve to Scotland’s economy cannot be stressed strongly enough and the islands should be developed as a Centre of Excellence for the black bee of Scotland.”

    Environment and climate change minister Paul Wheelhouse, who signed the order, said the new reserve fits in with wider work being undertaken on bee health in Scotland and would be significant in ensuring a bright future for black bees on the island.

    “The Bee Keeping Order illustrates how our non-native species legislation can be used to protect our native wildlife,” he said.

    “The order is a targeted measure to protect an important population of black bees on Colonsay from hybridisation with non-native bees.

    “We are working in close collaboration with the Scottish Beekeepers Association and Bee Farmers Association to deliver the ten-year Honeybee Health Strategy, Jordan 11 Pre-School which aims to achieve a sustainable and healthy population of honeybees for pollination and honey production in Scotland.”

    <span style="font-size: x-small; font-family: georgia, Fjällräven Kånken Ryggsäckar palatino;”>via The Scotsman. Images via flickr, Colonsay Information, and 2 Tortoises’ Escapade

    <span style="font-family: georgia,

    Less Urban Beekeeping, More Bee-Friendly Plants, say Scientists

    Over the last few years, the plight of the honey bee has had its profile raised in a number of ways. air max pas cher The importance of our food producing friends cannot be overstated, but one result of this public sentiment to help save them may actually end up doing them harm according to scientists. adidas gazelle uomo rosse The rise in popularity of urban beekeeping has seen many big names get in on the act and start up their own rooftop operations, among them the London Stock Exchange, the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York, and even the White House.

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  • There’s even an entire honey company that relies solely on the efforts of urban beekeeping.

    However scientists from the Laboratory of Apiculture and Social Insects (LASI) at the University of Sussex have written in The Biologist that such a burgeoning practice may end up doing more harm than good. Kole Calhoun Baseball Jersey Major cities like London, New York and Toronto have brought about a 220% rise in beekeepers since 1999, while in five years alone beekeepers in Greater London tripled from 464 to 1,237. asics scarpe 2017 Professor Francis Ratnieks and Dr Karin Alton from LASI argue that such a huge increase could put a strain on the nectar and pollen supplies available to the bees in those areas.

    The scientists recognise that many urban properties set up rooftop hives in order to strengthen their ‘green’ image, or to help with team-building exercises, but they point out that simply introducing more bees is not the answer. nike air max pas cher With 75% of all the land in the UK being agricultural, there is a distinct lack of areas rich in wildflowers, so introducing a greater population of honey bees into urban areas without doing anything about their source of pollen could spell big problems.

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    “If a game park was short of food for elephants, you wouldn’t introduce more elephants, so why should we take this approach with bees?”

     

    Ratnieks explains; “Since World War Two the spread of intensive farming has greatly reduced areas rich in wildflowers, such as hay meadows. nike air max 2016 goedkoop

    “If the problem is not enough flowers, increasing the number of hives risks making that problem worse.

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  • The honey bee is just one of many insect species which feed on nectar and pollen.

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  • Having a high density of honey bee hives is not only bad for honey bees, but may also affect bumblebees and other species feeding on the same flowers.

    Furthermore, Ratnieks and Alton warn that with so many rooftop hives being set up in metropolitan areas, the rise in inexperienced beekeepers could end up spreading certain honey bee diseases, especially American foulbrood (AFB), a highly contagious bacterial infection of the honey bee larvae.

    Each new hive placed in London would need the equivalent of one hectare of borage or 8.3 hectares of lavender, so Alton suggests the honey bee cause would be better served if those concerned introduced more bee-friendly flowers and a welcoming habitat for them.

    Recipe: Brown Sugar Honey Marinated Salmon with Caramelized Pineapple Quinoa

    Summer is well and truly upon us, which means getting outside and enjoying the weather when it lasts. But you’ll want something delicious to come back inside for when the sun goes down and it’s time for dinner, and this recipe, while somewhat involved, will pay dividends in the taste department.

    Coming from Ambitious Kitchen, this delicious gluten free Summer meal is great if you want to impress your friends. The only potential downside is that the prep time may be disproportionate to the amount of time it takes to consume this delicacy.

    Ingredients
    For salmon:
    • 1 pound salmon
    • 1/4 cup packed brown sugar
    • 1 tablespoon Davidson’s Raw & Unheated Organic Honey
    • 1/2 cup reduced sodium soy sauce, gluten free if desired
    • 1/4 cup fresh pineapple juice
    • 1 teaspoon dijon mustard
    • 1 teaspoon toasted sesame oil
    • 1 tablespoon olive oil
    • 1 teaspoon freshly grated ginger
    • 2 cloves garlic, finely minced
    • 1 teaspoon red chili pepper flakes, if desired
    • 1/2 of a whole pineapple, peeled, cored, and cut into small chunks (so you don’t have to cut later)

    For quinoa:

    • 3/4 cup uncooked organic quinoa
    • 1 cup coconut milk
    • 1/2 cup water
    • 1/4 cup diced red onion
    • 1/4 cup chopped fresh cilantro
    • Fresh limes to squeeze, if desired
    • 1/4 cup toasted sliced almonds, for topping
    Directions
    1. In a large bowl whisk together the marinade ingredients: brown sugar, honey, soy sauce, pineapple juice, mustard, sesame and olive oil, ginger, garlic and red pepper flakes if desired. Place salmon in large zip lock bag and add marinade. Asics Pas Cher Place in refrigerator for up to 8 hours but at least 1 hour. You can also marinade it in a baking pan.
    2. Preheat oven to 200 degree C (about 400F). Spray baking pan with nonstick cooking spray.
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    4. Remove salmon from zip lock bag and place skin side down on large baking pan lined with foil. Yadier Molina Authentic Jersey Line pineapple next to salmon and brush leftover marinade on salmon and pineapple. chaussures nike Sprinkle with a little bit of extra brown sugar for extra caramelization. Bake for 15-20 minutes or until salmon easily flakes with fork. It is best to broil the salmon for a minute or two at the end to get an additional caramelisation on top.

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    6. Just be sure not to dry out your fish! 18 minutes is usually perfect timing! *See notes for additional information on cooking times.

    7. While salmon is cooking, prepare quinoa. A.J. McCarron Alabama Football Jerseys Bring water and coconut milk to a boil in a medium saucepan. Reduce heat to low; add quinoa and cover; simmering until all liquid is absorbed. Adam Wainwright Jersey Remove from heat and let stand another 5-10 minutes. Air Flight 89 Fluff the quinoa with a fork and set aside. Add in red onion and cilantro to quinoa. Adidas ZX Flux Heren Once salmon is finished cooking, remove pineapple from baking sheet and fold into quinoa. Season with salt and lime juice to taste.
    8. Spoon pineapple quinoa evenly into 4 bowls or plates. Cut salmon into desired serving sizes and serve with quinoa. Aaron Murray Jerseys Garnish with a tablespoon or two of toasted almonds. Drizzle with extra honey if desired.

    *Notes
    Salmon is very sensitive and can dry out easily if overcooked, so make sure you watch your fish! For every inch of thickness of the salmon, generally it takes about 10 minutes to cook.
    Usually salmon fillets are about 1 1/2 inches thick. Preparing quinoa ahead of time makes this dish even easier.

    Heather Honey Found To Help Beat Bacteria, To The Chagrin Of Manuka Producers

    Manuka honey has long been held up as a powerful natural antibiotic with healing properties but it seems it’s facing competition from bees on foreign shores. According to new research, Scottish heather honey is at least as effective for treating infections as its New Zealand-based cousin manuka.

    Dr Patrick Pollock, an equine surgeon from Glasgow University’s School of Veterinary Medicine who conducted the research, said the new findings suggest that the honey could be used for treating humans and animals. “A heather honey surprisingly came out fantastically well. It was actually killing bacteria at concentrations of less than 2%, which astounded us.”

    Up until now the most famous honey used for medical purposes was Manuka honey from New Zealand, but it is expensive for overseas importers. adidas gazelle damskie Dr Pollock says, “we are transporting honey all round the world and it is expensive to incorporate it into dressings. If we could show that other honeys were just as effective we could potentially open up this treatment to people and animals. Honey helps to promote healing, cleaning the wound and keeping it infection-free. If vets were able to use locally sourced, cheaper honey as a wound dressing, it would be very beneficial particularly in poorer countries.”

    The researchers took 29 honey products, including commercial medical grade honeys, supermarket honeys and honeys from local bee-keepers, and examined them for bacterial contamination before testing.

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  • Of the 29, 18 were found to contain bacteria that excluded them from the trial and the remaining 11 were tested against 10 equine bacterial isolates at concentrations varying from 2 percent to 16 percent. Eight of the honeys were effective against all the bacteria at concentrations ranging from 2 percent to 6 percent. Heather honey from the Inverness area was shown to be particularly effective – killing MRSA microbes and three other types of bacteria at concentrations of 2 percent. mochilas kanken baratas

    Pollock says, “honeys derived from one type of flower were shown to be the most effective, and while manuka is currently the only medical grade honey, the study reveals that other honeys may be just as suitable for such purposes. In future, it may be possible to identify honeys with activity against specific bacteria. asics gel lyte 3 uomo This would allow the clinician to select the most appropriate honey type for the infecting organism.”

    New Zealand manuka producers are understandably worried about this development, especially John Rawcliffe, head of the Unique Manuka Factor Honey Association, which represents New Zealand manuka honey producers. Tom Brady College Jerseys Honeys largely get their antimicrobial properties from the hydrogen peroxide they contain, but manuka is thought to benefit from other factors, including an as yet poorly understood phytochemical property and, or, the presence of methylglyoxal. Dennis Pitta Ravens Jerseys When comparing the history of wound treatment by manuka and heather honeys, Rawcliffe has warned against the claims of research on other honey, saying, “there will always be pretenders to the throne. Nike air max pas cher

    When you consider that Manuka honey commands prices 10 to 20 times higher than other types of honey because of its anti-bacterial properties, such concerns by other honey producers are only natural. The Manuka sector is estimated to earn New Zealand as much as $120 million a year, with it being arguably the world’s most studied honey. Maglie Washington Wizards The Glasgow University research showing the effectiveness of different honeys on equine “bacterial isolates” could therefore look likely to herald a new era in honey research as producers of other honey types seek to discover if they can also successfully market them for their medicinal properties.

    via BBC, Express, Fairfax NZ and NZ Herald.

    Save The Bees Campaign Takes To Kickstarter For Help

    <span style="font-family: georgia, asics gel nimbus donna palatino;”>Kickstarter, the crowd funding website that has helped get all manner of creative projects off the ground, from new technologies to movies to video games to even video game consoles, has now turned its attention to helping save honeybees. The Save the Honey Bees Project in Dallas-Forth Worth, Air Jordan 4 Retro Texas aims to raise $6,000 in order to gather information about bee populations kept by beekeepers using off-the-shelf technology and electronic sensors.

    Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) is a much bigger problem in the United States than it is here in New Zealand, so the project’s founder, Barry Litherland, hopes that the information gathered from the technologically advanced beehives he plans to set up will go some way to understanding the problem and preventing it from getting any worse.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, Womens Air Jordan 5 palatino;”>When the hives are assembled, they will be outfitted with a bee counter at the hive entrance and at least one temperature and humidity sensor inside the hive. Each hive will have a computer attached to it to control and monitor the sensors, Authentic UGA Jersey store this data, and transfer it to the project website and other test equipment.

    As Litherland explains;

    <span style="font-family: georgia,

  • palatino;”>The sensor data will be helpful in characterizing bee behavior during both normal and environmentally stressed situation.

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  • For instance, the sensors should be able to show that the bees respond to the presence of the beekeeper and his/her smoker during visits to check the hive health and honey production. My hope is that we might learn a few new nuances about bees that will assist in nursing the mega-population back to a thriving species.

    Barry admits that his project is currently small-scale, Denver Nuggets but if it’s a success then there would be little reason for it not to expand in the future. He also makes a point of mentioning that everything he is putting together is open source, meaning that others can learn from and possibly even improve upon his work.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, Nike Air Max 2017 Dames palatino;”>So let’s hope Barry is successful that people in the area and beyond get behind the project.

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  • Just imagine the data that could be collected if this kind of project took off in urban and suburban areas all across the United States.

    <span style="font-family: georgia,

  • Air Max 2017 Donna Blu
  • palatino;”>~ Mr B

     

    <span style="font-size: small; font-family: georgia,

    Fear of Predators Forces Honey Bees To Avoid Good Food Sources

    When most people think of honey bees they either consider them being horrible stinging death machines, or serently flittering from flower to flower collecting pollen amid a picturesque scene of pastoral beauty. Neither is very true, as the life of the honey bee is a difficult one, with many predators to stay away from.

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  • A new study from the scientific journal PLOS ONE suggests that such fear drives bees to avoid food sources closely associated with predators and, interestingly, makes colonies of bees less risk-tolerant than individual bees.

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  • In bees, fear is shown through foragers avoiding dangerous food sites, thereby reducing the fitness of pollinated plants. Vêtements Adidas Pas Cher Pas Cher However, it remains unclear how fear affects pollinators in a complex natural scenario involving multiple predator species and different patch qualities.

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  • James Nieh, a professor of biology at UC San Diego, worked with scientists at Yunnan Agricultural University in China to study the impact on foraging Asian honey bees of the monstrous-looking Asian Giant hornet, Vespa tropica, and a smaller hornet species known as Vespa velutina, which has invaded Europe and now poses a threat to European honey bees.

    predators2“This strategy of colonies collectively exhibiting significantly more caution than the riskier individual foragers may help honey bees exploit all of the available food sources, with some intrepid foragers visiting more dangerous food while the colony judiciously decides how to best allocate its foraging,” Nieh.

    “The Asian Giant hornets are dangerous, heavily armored predators,” says Ken Tan, the first author of the paper. “Bee colonies respond by forming balls of defending bees, encasing the hornet and, in some cases, cooking it to death with heat generated by the bees.”

    The researchers found that bees treated the bigger hornet species, which is four times more massive than the smaller species, as more dangerous. nike tn requin In a series of experiments, they presented bees with different combinations of safe and dangerous feeders—depending on their association with the larger or smaller hornets—containing varying concentrations of sucrose.

    “Bees avoided the dangerous feeders and preferred feeders that provided sweeter nectar,” says Nieh. “However, predators are clever and can focus on sweeter food, ones which bees prefer. So we also tested how bees would respond when sweeter food was also more dangerous. What we found was that the individual bees were more risk-tolerant. They avoided the giant hornet at the best food, but continued to visit the lower quality food with the smaller hornet.”

    The study demonstrated two classic effects of fear: changing prey foraging durations and space use. Fjällräven Kånken Salu Predator presence reduced the bees spent collecting food by 17–33% and elicited bee avoidance, decreasing visitation to dangerous feeders by. This falls into line with such avoidance techniques by other animals, such as Redshank birds which spend less time foraging in saltmarshes on days with high predation risk from sparrowhawks. Wild herbivores in the African savanna prefer low tree density areas where predators are easier to detect. Nike Air Max 2017 Dames blauw

    Aerial predators of honey bees, like hornets, can capture bees in flight and may therefore have a larger spatial influence than sit-and-wait predators, which are more localised.

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  • Such aerial insectivores may reduce plant fitness and mean colonies avoid what would otherwise be considered perfectly good food sources.

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  • This fascinating study showed that colony foraging, the result of mass recruitment, was more affected by fear than individual foraging choice. Mass recruitment is a key foraging strategy of highly social bees, which are also important pollinators in ecosystems around the world. Thus, understanding the emergent effects of fear at the superorganism level, how colonies differ in fearful behavior from their individual members, will provide a better understanding of how fear has shaped the evolution of bee foraging and how the effects of fear can be amplified at the colony level, thereby exerting a wider effect on a vital ecosystem service, pollination.

    via PLOS ONE and UCSD.

    New Research Shows Queenless Bees Stick Together

    <span style="font-family: georgia, Nike Air Max 2017 Heren groen palatino;”>When a honey bee colony loses its queen, Canotta NBA researchers at the University of Illinois and Macquarie University in NSW, Australia have found that the rest of the hive still retains its altruistic behaviour, cooperating with each other and remaining selfless workers right up until that colony eventually fails. Illinois Uni’s Department of Entomology even discovered that worker bees will develop their ovaries and produce male offspring if a queen is absent.

    <span style="font-family: georgia,

  • Nike Air Huarache Donna
  • palatino;”>As Dr Andrew Barron from Macquarie University notes; “Although selfish behaviour did increase, we saw that altruism did not decrease. Fjällräven Kånken The colonies effectively became worker communes – collective societies where bees became generalists, maintaining and defending the colony together, to the end.”

    Kin selection theory dictates that altruistic behaviour is based on the number of offspring produced compared to the number an individual can produce by supporting others.

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  • The theory predicts that the degree of altruism in queenless colonies should be reduced because the relatedness of workers to a hivemate’s offspring is less in queenless colonies than it is to the daughters of the queen in queenright colonies.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, asics donna palatino;”>However the study found queenless bees generalised their tasks more and had a greatly reduced individual specialisation, with workers sharing personal reproduction, social foraging, and defence tasks for the colony. This resulted in laying workers also producing larger wax glands, showing metabolic investments in both colony maintenance and personal reproduction. Adidas Goedkoop

    The researchers say the social structure of such a queenless colony is similar to certain species of bees of a more primitive social structure, Canotte San Antonio Spurs thereby giving a unique snapshot into what colonies looked liked before the role of the queen evolved to take its place as the most successful organisational structure for colonies.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, Fjallraven Kanken Mini palatino;”>~ Mr B

     

    <span style="font-size: x-small; font-family: georgia,

    Farewell to Our Manager and Founder of Apis Mellifera Robert Davidson

    We at The Apiary are sad to say that my Grandfather Mr Davidson passed away on 27th July at the ripe old age of 82, new balance store buenos aires he had surprised doctors countless times for living as long as he did with terminal cancer (something to do with smoking since the age of 16 I think) but he finally went peacefully with his family at his side in Timaru.

    <span style="font-family: georgia,

  • AIR ZOOM VOMERO 12
  • palatino;”>Mr Davidson was a typical genius if there is such a thing; always full of new ideas schemes to rope people into, all in the name of science, Nike Air Max 2017 Dames zwart curiosity and discovery. His children, grandchildren and great grandchildren are lucky enough to be left with this legacy of curiosity and the insatiable need to tinker with things, observe, Canotta Charlotte Hornets improve upon, and challenge the status quo.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, Canotte Selección de USA palatino;”>He was also a man full of stories about his time as a deer culler in the mountains of the South Island of NZ, the adventures he got up to and near misses that only a level headed man of his intelligence could have found a way through in many cases. I’ve no doubt this has contributed a lot to the tendency of his descendents to look at a dangerous or challenging situation and approach it more as a problem to be solved than something to be afraid of or avoided.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, Goedkope Nike Air Max 90 palatino;”>Many adventures and interesting times have certainly been had as a result of the inspirational nature and endless curiosity of Mr Davidson and he will definitely be missed by those who knew him.

    Attending his funeral on Wednesday also brought home just how many people in the community here are so thankful for his work in developing the health care range we sell, with many coming to show their appreciation for his friendly and forthcoming nature while they were going through difficult times, and for the products they believed helped them to overcome their illnesses.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, nike air max pas cher palatino;”>Everyone who knew Mr Robert Davidson will have something deeply personal and unique to keep with them after his passing and he will certainly not be forgotten by friends, Stephen Piscotty Jersey family, colleagues or customers. If you have a memory of Robert or a story of your own then we’d love to hear it, nike air max 2017 femme blanche so feel free to get in touch and share your thoughts on our departed proprietor.

    <span style="font-family: georgia, New Balance 997 damskie palatino;”>So here’s to Robert, a remarkable man who’s just starting out on the next great adventure!

    ~Mrs B

     

    <span style="font-family: georgia,

    New Zealand Post Commemorates the Humble Honey Bee

    There’s a reason the saying “busy as a bee” exists, and now New Zealand Post has commemorated the country’s hardest workers, our honey bees.

    In 1913 regional groups of beekeepers formed the National Beekeepers Association of New Zealand, so to celebrate their centenary, New Zealand Post has released six commemorative stamps, which highlight the process of making honey; from bees pollinating the plants through to the production of sweet nectar.

    According to the NBA, honey bees contribute about $5.1billion to New Zealand’s economy, attributable to pollination by honey bees, domestic honey sales and exports, beeswax and exported honey bees. Their value really can’t be understated, and without them we wouldn’t have access to half the foods we do in the supermarket. 

    Ahead of next month’s Bee Aware Month campaign, there couldn’t be a more perfect commemoration of our hard working little food providers. The stamps can be bought from the New Zealand Post website.

    ~Mr B

    Images via NZ Post.